Ce criterii trebuie sa indeplineasca cel care obtine Premiul Nobel pentru Pace? Directorul Institutului Nobel din Norvegia, Geir Lundestad a discutat cu cititorii

de Magda Barascu     HotNews.ro
Joi, 6 mai 2010, 15:17 Actualitate | Esenţial

Geir Lundestad
Foto: Arhiva personala
Geir Lundestad este directorul Institutului Nobel din Norvegia, secretarul Comitetului Nobel norvegian si profesor de istorie universala la Universitatea din Oslo. A scris numeroase carti, studii si articole, contribuind la o serie intreaga de antologii privind relatiile internationale si istoria moderna americana. Care sunt criteriile pe care trebuie sa le indeplineasca cel care obtine Premiul Nobel pentru Pace? Care sunt prevederile din testamentul lui Alfred Nobel care trebuie indeplinite?

Directorul Institutului Nobel din Norvegia, Geir Lundestad, a discutat online cu cititorii HotNews.ro.

Comitetul Nobel Norvegian este institutia care acorda anual Premiul Nobel pentru Pace, in conformitate cu prevederile din testamentul lui Alfred Nobel, acelei persoane care a depus cele mai mari eforturi in privinta intelegerii intre natiuni, pentru reducerea sau eliminarea conflictelor armate precum si pentru promovarea pacii. Premiul pentru Pace este singurul Premiu Nobel decernat in Norvegia, la Oslo, celelalte, cum ar fi cel pentru literatura, fizica etc. sunt decernate in Stockholm.

A ocupat pe rand functii la University of Tromsø din 1974:
  • Associate Professor of History
  • Professor of American Civilization 1979-88,
  • Professor of History 1988-90.
A fost Fellow la Harvard University (1978-79, 1983) si la Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C. (1988-89).

A publicat:
  • The American Non-Policy Towards Eastern Europe 1943-1947 (1975),
  • America, Scandinavia and the Cold War 1945-1949 (1980),
  • East, West, North, South. Major Developments in International Politics since 1945. (First Norwegian Edition in 1985, later revised, Fourth Edition 1999), 'Empire' by integration: the United States and European integration 1945-1997 (1998).


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Întrebari puse de cititorii HotNews.ro:


  • Întrebarea nr. 1 Bogdan

    Dear Sir,
    was there any Romanian candidate for the Nobel Price for Peace?
    How hard is it to be nominated?
    thank you

    • Geir Lundestad

      There have been some. We want to have more Romanian candidates.

      It's very difficult to receive the prize. We're waiting for more nominations.

  • Întrebarea nr. 2 adrian

    Sir, do you have any political criteria in choosing the winer of Nobel Price?

    Thank you very much!

    • Geir Lundestad

      Yes but that depends on what political means. Peace is political. But we are not involved in political parties, we support values, we support human rights and democracy.

  • Întrebarea nr. 3 Andrei Chiliman

    How is it possible that the american president, just elected, receive the Nobel for peace, although he did nothing to promote the peace?

    • Geir Lundestad

      In the months of January from October he did more than many to change things, he did more in changing the climate and we hope he'll do more.

  • Întrebarea nr. 4 Neagu Daniel

    Sir,
    How was Ceausescu's visit to Nobel Prize Institute?
    thank you

    • Geir Lundestad

      Ceausescu did not visit the Institute. We had other 2 Romanian presidents;:Constantinescu and Basescu.

  • Întrebarea nr. 5 Jim

    1. What can Nobel Prize do for peace?
    2. Why does the world care about Nobel Prize?
    3. Why is the Nobel Prize given to politicians?

    thank you

    • Geir Lundestad

      1. Not much, it's a high honour. It can influence the peace processes.
      2. Because we've done this for 109 years, because we belong to a family of Nobel prizes, we don't have a perfect record, we claim a perfect record for the prizes and because we have changed with the times, we have become truly global with the orientation.
      3. Because we think some politicians can change the world for the better. Gorbachev did more than many to end the Cold War. And Obama did change a lot of perceptions.

  • Întrebarea nr. 6 Ioana Virn

    Dear Sir,
    What's the relationship between human rights and peace? Were there any controversial prizes given by Nobel Prize Institute?

    • Geir Lundestad

      I think most peace researchers claim that there's a close relationship between the 2.

  • Întrebarea nr. 7 Mihai Tociu

    Were there any situations when the prize winner refused or later renaunced the prize?

    • Geir Lundestad

      1973 - Kissenger
      Le Duc Tho, awarded 1973

  • Întrebarea nr. 8 Bianca

    1. Regarding criteria to choose the nominee for The Nobel Prize, is there any aspect regarding one's age? 2. Who are the youngest and the oldest to win the Nobel Prize and which was the contribution they gave to peace furtherance?
    3. In your opinion, who was the most pacifist man to win the Nobel Prize and who deserved it as well, but never received such a gratitude to his acts?

    • Geir Lundestad

      No age limit. The youngest ones 34-35

      Gandhi.








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2029 vizualizari

  • 2 questions (Joi, 6 mai 2010, 16:25)

    Bogdan [anonim]

    Dear Sir,
    was there any Romanian candidate for the Nobel Price for Peace?
    How hard is it to be nominated?
    thank you
    • answer (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 15:46)

      Geir Lundestad [hotnews.ro] i-a raspuns lui Bogdan

      There have been some. We want to have more Romanian candidates.

      It's very difficult to receive the prize. We're waiting for more nominations.
  • Nobel Price (Joi, 6 mai 2010, 17:43)

    adrian [anonim]

    Sir, do you have any political criteria in choosing the winer of Nobel Price?

    Thank you very much!
    • answer (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 15:47)

      Geir Lundestad [hotnews.ro] i-a raspuns lui adrian

      Yes but that depends on what political means. Peace is political. But we are not involved in political parties, we support values, we support human rights and democracy.
  • Barrack Obama? (Joi, 6 mai 2010, 18:11)

    Andrei Chiliman [anonim]

    How is it possible that the american president, just elected, receive the Nobel for peace, although he did nothing to promote the peace?
    • answer (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 15:48)

      Geir Lundestad [hotnews.ro] i-a raspuns lui Andrei Chiliman

      In the months of January from October he did more than many to change things, he did more in changing the climate and we hope he'll do more.
  • Ceausescu's visit (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 0:00)

    Neagu Daniel [anonim]

    Sir,
    How was Ceausescu's visit to Nobel Prize Institute?
    thank you
    • answer (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 15:49)

      Geir Lundestad [hotnews.ro] i-a raspuns lui Neagu Daniel

      Ceausescu did not visit the Institute. We had other 2 Romanian presidents;:Constantinescu and Basescu.
  • 3 questions (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 0:02)

    Jim [anonim]

    1. What can Nobel Prize do for peace?
    2. Why does the world care about Nobel Prize?
    3. Why is the Nobel Prize given to politicians?

    thank you
    • aswer (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 15:52)

      Geir Lundestad [hotnews.ro] i-a raspuns lui Jim

      1. Not much, it's a high honour. It can influence the peace processes.
      2. Because we've done this for 109 years, because we belong to a family of Nobel prizes, we don't have a perfect record, we claim a perfect record for the prizes and because we have changed with the times, we have become truly global with the orientation.
      3. Because we think some politicians can change the world for the better. Gorbachev did more than many to end the Cold War. And Obama did change a lot of perceptions.
  • question (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 0:40)

    Ioana Virn [anonim]

    Dear Sir,
    What's the relationship between human rights and peace? Were there any controversial prizes given by Nobel Prize Institute?
    • answer (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 15:54)

      Geir Lundestad [hotnews.ro] i-a raspuns lui Ioana Virn

      I think most peace researchers claim that there's a close relationship between the 2.
  • Nobel Prize for Physics and Chemistry (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 7:34)

    Peter Gluck [anonim]

    Dear Sir,

    During the last, say, 30 years the prizes in physics and chemistry were won for important however not fundamental discoveries. The paradigms have not been changed for many years and the new ideas are not as creative and productive as it was in times of Einstein and Planck..

    Now, if the maerican scientist, Randell Mills, is able to demonstrate his HYDRINO theory- via technology i.e. an absolutely novel source of energy able to replacy "fossils" he deserves the Nobel prize for a new Revolution.
    You can find information re Mills at http://www.blacklightpower.com

    DO YOU know about Mills?
  • Question about refusal of prize (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 9:12)

    Mihai Tociu [anonim]

    Were there any situations when the prize winner refused or later renaunced the prize?
    • answer (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 15:55)

      Geir Lundestad [hotnews.ro] i-a raspuns lui Mihai Tociu

      1973 - Kissenger
      Le Duc Tho, awarded 1973
  • Black Sea Universities Network 1 (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 11:34)

    Prof. dr. Eden Mamut [anonim]

    First of all, I would like to congratulate Hotnews for offering this opportunity! I am blocked in Belgrade due to the weather conditions and waiting for the next flight to Bucharest but, thanks to Internet I am following the Hot News. In the last month, I had to join several events in different places that put me in the situation of traveling and participating to substantial debates in Istanbul, Baku, Moscow, Stockholm and Belgrade. Once more I had the chance to face the unique cultural diversity and richness of the Black Sea Region but also its almost historical concerns: in Istanbul everybody is discussing about the new policy of openness towards the Kurdish minority, in Baku you cannot avoid in discussions about refugees from the region occupied by the Armenian troops, in Moscow you feel the electricity in the air in the populated areas and public transport from the way in which the policemen follow the people that look as originated from Northern Caucasus, in Belgrade you feel the spring hopes of the partnership with the EU but most of the people are concerned about the way in which the Kosovo issue is going to be solved, in Stockholm I met the chief negotiator of the delegation of Moldova in relation to EU and we discussed about the opportunities for the citizens of Moldova but I was thinking how the Transnistria issue is going to be approached. The above mentioned concerns are coming from our history and it looks that will continue to stand for ever. In most of the cases are treated superficial and due to the involvement of politics the scientists do not have a consistent participation. In order to encourage the active involvement of the Academic community it has been established in 1998 the Black Sea Universities Network based on the initiative of Acad Mircea Malitza and at present it includes 116 member universities from 11 countries of the region (www.bsun.org).
  • Age (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 11:34)

    Bianca [anonim]

    1. Regarding criteria to choose the nominee for The Nobel Prize, is there any aspect regarding one's age? 2. Who are the youngest and the oldest to win the Nobel Prize and which was the contribution they gave to peace furtherance?
    3. In your opinion, who was the most pacifist man to win the Nobel Prize and who deserved it as well, but never received such a gratitude to his acts?
    • answer (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 16:01)

      Geir Lundestad [hotnews.ro] i-a raspuns lui Bianca

      No age limit. The youngest ones 34-35

      Gandhi.
  • Black Sea Universities Network Part 2 (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 11:35)

    Prof. dr. Eden Mamut [anonim]

    In 2008 under the chairmanship of Acad Michailo Zgurovski we have defined the subject of social cohesion as a priority topic for cooperation and we selected a case: the re-integration of Crimean Tatars in Crimea, Ukraine. As you know, in 1944 there were deported from Crimea more than 2 mil tatars. After a long struggle in 1989 they obtained the right to return in Crimea and at present, there are more than 300 000 of tatars that for more that 20 years try to obtain their rights to be treated as usual citizens of Crimea as they were before 1944. As BSUN we have started from basic: so a group of professors from Universities from Simferopol, Constantza, Bucharest, Istanbul, Ankara and Baku, have been involved in the reform process of the modern tatar language with latin alphabet. Another group is working on developing mathematical models for studying the sustainability aspects from economic, environmental, social and institutional perspectives. This year we have initiated a large project dedicated to the cultural heritage by developing a regional digital archive and many other activities. Recently, it has been decided to establish in Simferopol a BSUN Interdisciplinary Research Center on Social Cohesion aiming to promote the achievements on the current case and extend the experience to other cases in the region.
    My question is: If we would like to propose the Black Sea Universities Network (www.bsun.org) for Nobel Prize for Peace how you advice we to do it and which criteria you consider that should be taken into consideration?
    Thank you! Prof. dr. Eden Mamut, Director, BSUN International Permanent Secretariat, Constantza, Romania
    • answer (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 15:58)

      Geir Lundestad [hotnews.ro] i-a raspuns lui Prof. dr. Eden Mamut

      You would have to find an university professor to send the nomination and most important to say why is it important to receive the award.
  • Choices we make in awarding the peace (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 12:23)

    Bianca Matei [anonim]

    4. In your opinion as representing the Institute, which of these two man is worthy to win the Nobel Prize: a man who dedicated his life to development of a good relationship between humans/nations, but "conquered" only inglorious victories on the field of peace promotion OR someone who was in the right place at the right time and did only one gesture, but then it changed history somehow in a big way and it was greeted with glory? What about "off the record, do the opininions concure?

    Thank you very much, mister Lundestad, wish you have a peaceful day!
  • Research coverage (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 14:44)

    Vlad Pintilie [anonim]

    Mr. Lundestad, how does the Nobel Prize Committee makes itself aware of research done in more remote parts of the world, as compared to the US and Western Europe? This is relevant to the other categories, not specifically to Peace.
    I understand there are certain academics or officials who perform the task of recommending individuals for the Prize, but on what basis are they distributed to developing countries and less developed economies?

    Thank you very much for your time.
  • purpose (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 16:42)

    Alexandra [anonim]

    Which is the main purpose of the Nobel Prize?
  • Eligibility & coverage (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 16:57)

    Bianca Sarbu [anonim]

    1) Who is eligible to propose somebody for the Nobel Prize?

    2) Most fields are covered in terms of the Nobel Prize. However, if somebody from the field of Political Science (to be distinguished from politics!) would stand out as a potential Nobel Prize winner, what category would he/ she fit in? Literature & Peace would certainly not match the case.
  • time to deliberate (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 16:58)

    vlad [anonim]

    Dear Sir,

    How much time does the deliberation process takes ?


    Thank you!
  • prestige (Vineri, 7 mai 2010, 16:58)

    alexandra [anonim]

    Why has the Nobel Peace Prize acquired such enormous prestige?


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